The Indian Institute of Technology (IITs) are a government-owned conglomerate of educational institutions in India. The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT system) is an autonomous educational institution governed by a Board of Directors. It is established to create world-class scientists, engineers and technologists. These institutes of national importance increased industrial advancement and production of goods and services by using the engineering expertise of the country. There are a total of 23 IITs in India. Total IIT seats in India for an undergraduate degree are 16000+. Bachelor’s courses (4 years) offered at the IITs are  B.Tech (for Engineering), B.Arch (for Architecture) and B.Plan (Urban Planning). Courses that can be pursued at the post-graduate level are Master of Technology (MTech), Master of Business Administration (MBA), and Master of Science (MSc). Some IITs offer specialized graduate programmes such as Master of Design (M.Des.), the Post Graduate Diploma in Information Technology (PGDIT), Masters in Medical Science and Technology (MMST), Masters in City Planning (MCP), Master of Arts (MA), Postgraduate Diploma in intellectual property Law (PGDIPL), and the Postgraduate Diploma in Maritime Operation & Management (PGDMOM). Some Dual Degree programs (5 years) collaborate the Bachelor’s degree with M.Tech, Master of Science and Master of Arts.

Some of the IITs offer an M.S. (by research) program; the MTech and M.S. are similar to the US universities’ non-thesis (course based) and thesis (research based) masters programs respectively. 

The entire allocation by the central government for the 2017-18 budget for all Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) was slightly over ₹70 billion (US$880 million). However, the aggregate money spent by Indian students for tertiary education in the United States was about six times more than what the central government spends on all IITs.

Sl.noNameAbbreviationFounded Established as IITState/ UT
1IIT KharagpurIITKGP19511951West Bengal
2IIT BombayIITB19581958Maharashtra
3IIT MadrasIITM19591959Tamil Nadu
4IIT KanpurIITK19591959Uttar Pradesh
5IIT DelhiIITD19611961Delhi
6IIT GuwahatiIITG19941995Assam
7IIT RoorkeeIITR18472001Uttarakhand
8IIT RoparIITRPR20082008Punjab
9IIT BhubaneswarIITBBS20082008Odisha
10IIT GandhinagarIITGN20082008Gujarat
11IIT HyderabadIITH20082008Telangana
12IIT JodhpurIITJ20082008Rajasthan
13IIT PatnaIITP20082008Bihar
14IIT IndoreIITI20092009Madhya Pradesh
15IIT MandiIITMD20092009Himachal Pradesh
16IIT (BHU) VaranasiIIT (BHU)19192012Uttar Pradesh
17IIT PalakkadIITPKD20152015Kerala
18IIT TirupatiIITTP20152015Andhra Pradesh
19IIT (ISM) DhanbadIIT (ISM)19262016 Jharkhand
20IIT BhilaiIITBH20162016Chhattisgarh
21IIT DharwadIITDH20162016Karnataka
22IIT JammuIITJMU20162016Jammu and Kashmir
23IIT GoaIIT GOA20162016Goa

Competitive Exams and Admission Process – UG

These institutes house and hone the most brilliant minds of the country and the selection process exemplifies this.

Admissions to the Indian Institute of Technology (IITs) are carried out by the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) conducted at two levels – the JEE Main Exam and JEE Advanced Exam.

JEE-Main is conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA). JEE-Main has two papers, Paper-I and Paper-II. Candidates may opt for either or both of them. Both papers contain multiple choice questions. Paper-I is for admission to B.E./B.Tech courses and is conducted in a Computer Based Test mode. Paper-II is for admission in B.Arch and B.Planning courses and will also be conducted in Computer Based Test mode except for one paper, namely the ‘Drawing Test’ which shall be conducted in Pen and Paper mode or offline mode. From January 2020 an additional Paper-III is being introduced for B.Planning courses separately. JEE-Main, unlike JEE-Advanced, has a fixed exam structure and is not subject to change every year. A new pattern consisting of 20+5 questions per subject was introduced in January 2020 with 20 single choice questions + 5 numerical type questions by NTA. In single-choice questions 4 marks are awarded for correct answers and no marks are deducted from numerical type questions. The JEE (Main) – 2022 was conducted in 2 sessions for admissions in the academic session 2022-23. The candidates will thus benefit in the following ways:

  • This will give two opportunities to the candidates to improve their scores in the examination if they are not able to give their best in one attempt.
  • In the first attempt, the students will get a first-hand experience of taking an examination and will know their mistakes which they can improve while attempting for the second time.
  • This will reduce the chances of dropping a year and droppers would not have to waste an entire year. 
  • If anyone missed the examination due to reasons beyond control (such as the Board examination), then he/she will not have to wait for one entire year.
  • A candidate need not appear in both Sessions. However, if a candidate appears in more than one Session then his/her best of the JEE (Main) – 2022 NTA Scores will be considered for preparation of Merit List/ Ranking.

JEE Advanced will be conducted by one of the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)  under the aegis of the Joint Admission Board (JAB). Either one of the seven Zonal Coordinating IITs, i.e., IIT Kharagpur, IIT Kanpur, IIT Madras, IIT Guwahati, IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay, and IIT Roorkee, will be the conducting authority for JEE Advanced 2023. Top 2,50,000 JEE Main qualified candidates are eligible to apply for the JEE Advanced 2023 exam.

Candidates must go through the entire JEE Advanced eligibility criteria before applying for the exam to avoid rejection of the application form. JEE Advanced exam will be conducted in a center-based online mode. There will be two mandatory papers, i.e., Paper-I and Paper-II, in the JEE Advanced exam. The exam duration for each of these JEE Advanced papers is 3 hours. There is no difference in paper 1 and paper 2 except pattern. 

  • For Paper 1-
    • MCQ (single option correct)
    • MCQ(more than one option correct)
    • Integer type (0-9) answers/ Single-digit answers
  • For paper 2-
    • Match making (no negative marking)
    • Comprehension type questions
    • Integer type (0-9) Answers/ Single Digit Answers
    • MCQ (more than one correct)
    • MCQ (single option correct)

The Joint Seat Allocation Authority (JoSAA) conducts the joint admission process for a total of 23 Indian Institutes of Technology, 31 National Institutes of Technology , 25 Indian Institutes of Information Technology campuses and other Government Funded Technical Institutes (GFTIs) based on the rank obtained by a student in JEE-Main and JEE-Advanced.

There are some institutes, such as the Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISERs), the Indian Institute of Petroleum and Energy (IIPE), the Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology (RGIPT), the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), which use the score obtained in the JEE-Advanced examination as the basis for admission, but are not a part of the Joint Seat Allocation Authority (JoSAA) counseling process. Any student who takes admission to an Indian Institute of Technology cannot appear for the JEE-Advanced examination again, but the same is not the case with NIT, IISc, IISERs, RGIPT, IIPE, and IIST.

There are 3 processes in which counseling of JEE Main/Advanced is done- JoSAA, CSAB NEUT and CSAB SFTI. Candidates who are allotted a seat in Colleges through JEE Main 2022. Counseling is required to report to their allotted college with all the required documents for admission.

  • JoSAA releases JEE Main Cut-off for rounds 1 to 6 in the form of opening and closing ranks on its official website. JoSAA is responsible for conducting the admission procedure for allotting seats to 110 participating institutes, which comprise IITs, NITs, IIITs and other-GFTIs. 

JoSAA is the combined counseling procedure for JEE Main and JEE Advanced qualified candidates for admissions. 

  • CSAB NEUT is conducted for extra seats in the North East and Union Territories.
  • CSAB SFTI is a separate counselling procedure conducted by Central Seat Allocation Board for allotting seats in 18 SFTIs.

Steps involved in JEE Mains counselling and JoSAA Counselling are given below:

Step 1: Online Registration

  • Candidates need to register themselves on the official website of JoSAA.
  • Candidates can log in using their JEE Main 2022 Application No., Password, Security Pin.
  • Candidates are then required to fill in all the asked information regarding counselling and click on Submit
  • Reverify all the furnished details and click on the “Confirm Registration” button

Step 2: Online Choice Filling and Locking

  • Candidates are then required to select their choices of college and its programs.
  • The choices filled can be selected from the list provided.
  • Candidates can change/edit/delete their filled choices.
  • Candidates should lock the choices before the last date.
  • Choice Locking is done after each round of JEE Main 2022. Counseling is concluded.

Step 3: JoSAA 2022 Seat Allotment

Seat Allotment through JoSAA depends on the following factors for possible seat allotment according to candidates’ choices:

  • Candidate’s Category (Gen., OBC-NCL, SC, etc.)
  • All India Ranking (AIR) in JEE Main 2022 rank list(s)
  • According to the priority order of choices selected by the candidates for academic programs and institutes.
  • Availability of seats under different seat quotas ( if the candidate is eligible).

Step 4: Seat Acceptance Fee and Document Verification

  • After successful seat allotment, for confirmation of the seat, candidates need to pay the Seat Acceptance Fee for the allotted seats through Net Banking/e-Challan.
  • All the related documents will be verified at the reporting centre.
  • After verification of the documents and payment of the fee, a provisional admission letter will be issued to the candidate.

The JEE Main Counseling Fees can be paid through SBI Net Banking/ e-Challan. The seat acceptance fee is INR 35,000 for all the candidates. On the contrary, candidates belonging to SC / ST / PwD category will have to pay INR 15,000 as seat acceptance fee.

Step 5: Reporting to the Allotted College

The final step in JEE Main 2022 Counseling procedure is reporting to the assigned institutes with original certificates and documents on the allotted date and time slot.

JEE Main 2022 Spot Counseling

  • There are vacant seats left even after the usual rounds of JEE Main counseling. Therefore, JoSAA conducts Spot Counseling for the allocation of such seats.
  • You do not have to register separately for the spot counseling round in JEE Main.
  • Any applicant appears for the spot counseling process if he/she were not allotted a seat.
  • Also, candidates who did not apply earlier for the usual rounds of allotment can appear for Spot Counseling.
  • But, candidates who have missed the registration for JEE Main Counseling earlier have to register for Spot Counseling.
  • Candidates applying fresh for the JEE Main Spot Counseling will have to lock the choices.
  • Additionally, they will have to make the payment of the fee before the last date.

JEE Main counseling of CSAB NEUT and CSAB SFTI has a similar structure to that of JoSAA.

Competitive Exams and Admission Process – PG

Admissions to masters programs in engineering are made using scores of the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE), while those to masters programs in science are made using scores of the Joint Admission Test for M.Sc. (JAM). The IITs organize GATE and JAM by turn and the official web page is a part of that IITs website. Eg. JAM 2023 is being organized by IIT Guwahati and GATE 2023 is being organized by IIT Kanpur. Important dates and other relevant data is all provided on these organizing institute’s web pages.

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is a national level exam that primarily tests the comprehensive understanding of various undergraduate subjects in Engineering/ Technology/ Architecture/ Science/ Commerce/ Arts. GATE 2023 will be a computer-based test (CBT) which is being organized by the Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur. The exam will be conducted by IISc Bangalore and seven IITs (IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, IIT Guwahati, IIT Kanpur, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Madras, IIT Roorkee), on behalf of the National Coordination Board – GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education (MoE), Government of India (GoI). Qualified GATE score can be used for seeking admission and/or financial assistance to : (i) Master’s programs and direct Doctoral programs in Engineering/ Technology/ Architecture/ Science/ Commerce/ Arts; and (ii) Doctoral programs in relevant branches of Arts and Science, in the institutions supported by the MoE and other Government agencies. GATE score is also used by some colleges and institutions for giving admission to students without MoE scholarship/assistantship. Further, many Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) have been using the GATE score in their recruitment process. There is no Counseling Process for GATE. The applicant is judged based on rank, interview or another short written selection test conducted for select students.

JAM 2023 Examination will be conducted as a Computer Based Test in 7 test subjects, namely, Biotechnology, Chemistry, Economics, Geology, Mathematics, Mathematical Statistics, and Physics. To apply for admission to a desired programme, a candidate is required to qualify in the relevant Test Paper, satisfy the Eligibility Requirements (ERs) and Minimum Educational Qualifications (MEQs) of the respective Academic Programme and any other requirements of the admitting Institute. Candidates will have to fill in their preferences of institutes while filling the JAM admission form 2023. IIT Guwahati (organizing IIT) will release the admission list for the selected candidates in online mode, along with the opening and closing ranks.

Selected students will have three options to choose from, which are as follows-

  • Accept and Freeze – Candidates can accept the alloted seat and freeze it by paying the seat booking fee through debit card, credit card or net banking.
  • Accept with Upgrade – This option is to be selected by the candidates who want to accept the allotted seat, but wishes to look for better options in the coming rounds. Such candidates will be given higher preference in the next JAM admission list.
  • Reject and Quit – This option is for the candidates who do not want to take the seats offered. They have to pay Rs 1000 and confirm the same through OTP on their mobile phone.